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Investigating vegetation-climate feedbacks during the early Eocene

first_imgEvidence suggests that the early Eocene was a time of extreme global warmth. However, there are discrepancies between the results of many previous modelling studies and the proxy data at high latitudes, with models struggling to simulate the shallow temperature gradients of this time period to the same extent as the proxies indicate. Vegetation–climate feedbacks play an important role in the present day, but are often neglected in these palaeoclimate modelling studies, and this may be a contributing factor to resolving the model–data discrepancy. Here we investigate these vegetation–climate feedbacks by carrying out simulations of the early Eocene climate at 2 × and 4 × pre-industrial atmospheric CO2 with fixed vegetation (homogeneous shrubs everywhere) and dynamic vegetation. The results show that the simulations with dynamic vegetation are warmer in the global annual mean than the simulations with fixed shrubs by 0.9 °C at 2 × and 1.8 °C at 4 ×. Consequently, the warming when CO2 is doubled from 2 × to 4 × is 1 °C higher (in the global annual mean) with dynamic vegetation than with fixed shrubs. This corresponds to an increase in climate sensitivity of 26%. This difference in warming is enhanced at high latitudes, with temperatures increasing by over 50% in some regions of Antarctica. In the Arctic, ice–albedo feedbacks are responsible for the majority of this warming. On a global scale, energy balance analysis shows that the enhanced warming with dynamic vegetation is mainly associated with an increase in atmospheric water vapour but changes in clouds also contribute to the temperature increase. It is likely that changes in surface albedo due to changes in vegetation cover resulted in an initial warming which triggered these water vapour feedbacks. In conclusion, dynamic vegetation goes some way to resolving the discrepancy, but our modelled temperatures cannot reach the same warmth as the data suggest in the Arctic. This suggests that there are additional mechanisms, not included in this modelling framework, behind the polar warmth or that the proxies have been misinterpreted.last_img read more

UE And USI Men’s Soccer Help Local YMCA

first_imgFacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailShare Purple Aces and Screaming Help In Local Community EVANSVILLE, Ind. – In a true effort to help the local community, the men’s soccer teams from the University of Evansville and the University of Southern Indiana teamed up to donate over $2,000 to the YMCA of Southwestern Indiana.The Mayor’s Cup match, which featured the Purple Aces and Screaming Eagles taking to the field at Arad McCutchan Stadium on April 18, saw all proceeds directly benefit the YMCA.  ProRehab and Tri-State Orthopaedics also assisted to put on the event.“Our program is very proud to work with Coach Santoro and USI men’s soccer to help support the YMCA and their outreach programs,” Aces head men’s soccer coach Marshall Ray said.  “A special thanks go out to to Mayor Winnecke for attending the match and all of his and his staff’s efforts to help promote the event.  We look forward to the continued growth of the Mayor’s cup and hope our community with join us again next April.”Ray, along with USI head coach Mat Santoro, presented a check for $2,163 to the YMCA earlier this week.  The money will help in after school soccer programs throughout the city of Evansville.Both teams are representing their city in impressive fashion.  UE is coming off of the second-largest turnaround in program history in the fall of 2016 while USI went 13-4-4 and played in the NCAA Division II Tournament.last_img read more

Customers Encouraged To Take Advantage Of Energy Efficiency Rebates

first_img Vectren Offering Energy Saving Tips Throughout The Cooling SeasonEvansville, Ind. – With humid, 90-degree-plus temperatures expected to remain in the forecast, Vectren is reminding customers to take advantage of rebates to help offset costs associated with energy efficient equipment while also keeping in mind ways to conserve energy to help manage summer energy bills.“Vectren offers a variety of rebates on energy efficient equipment which can help relieve some of the financial strain brought on by purchasing needed appliances for the home,” said Brad Ellsworth, president of Vectren Energy Delivery-South. “As the cooling season continues, we are encouraging customers to utilize these opportunities for savings while also practicing energy efficiency.”Below are some simple tips as well as rebate offerings to help conserve energy and keep your house or business cool during the summer:Customers with pools can take advantage of Vectren’s pool heater and variable-speed pool pump rebates. To qualify for the $1,000 pool heater rebate, the heater must have a Coefficient of Performance of 6 or higher. Single speed and two-speed pool pumps do not qualify for the $300 variable-speed pool pump rebate.Close storm windows and doors to keep hot air out and cool air in.Regularly clean and/or replace your air conditioner filter to help your unit run at full efficiency and supply better air flow. Rebates up to $400 depending on the SEER (seasonal energy efficiency ratio) level are available on central air conditioning units.Another way to keep your central air conditioning unit running more efficiently is to add an air purifier to your home. Air purifiers remove dust and small particles from the air before it is returned to the air conditioning system. This can help keep the air filter in the unit cleaner longer. A $25 rebate is available for ENERGY STAR® models.Keep in mind that ceiling fans cool people, not rooms. If the room is unoccupied, turn off the ceiling fan to save energy.Dial up the thermostat. For each degree the thermostat is raised for a sustained, 8-hour period, you can save 1 to 3 percent in cooling costs. The U.S. Department of Energy recommends a summer thermostat setting of no lower than 78 degrees.Reduce energy costs and increase comfort with a smart thermostat. A smart thermostat can maximize your energy savings without the hassle of manually adjusting your thermostat. Vectren customers are eligible for rebates up to $75 when purchasing a Wi-Fi-enabled or smart thermostat.Minimize the use of ovens, stoves, washers, dryers and other major appliances that generate heat inside the home when used. Opt for cooking outside on the grill to minimize heat inside. When you must use indoor appliances, choose the late evening.Reverse the direction of your ceiling fan. By changing the direction to counter-clockwise in the summer, the fan will circulate the cool air. With this cooling effect, you can raise the thermostat three to four degrees and feel just as comfortable.Close your blinds or curtains to keep sunlight out. The sun’s rays will warm your home and cause additional air conditioning use.Homes with Vectren electric service are eligible for these rebates. Learn more about Vectren’s energy efficiency programs, apply for rebates or sign up for a home energy assessment at www.vectren.com/saveenergy or call 1-866-240-8476. FacebookTwitterCopy LinkEmailSharelast_img read more

A record 6.6 million seek US jobless aid as layoffs mount

first_imgCoronavirusIndianaLocalMichiganNational Twitter Facebook By Associated Press – April 2, 2020 0 298 Twitter WhatsApp A record 6.6 million seek US jobless aid as layoffs mount Pinterest Facebook (Flazingo.com/Creative Commons) WASHINGTON (AP) — More than 6.6 million Americans applied for unemployment benefits last week, far exceeding a record high set just last week, a sign that layoffs are accelerating in the midst of the coronavirus.The job cuts are mounting against the backdrop of economies in the United States and abroad that have almost certainly sunk into a severe recession as businesses close across the world. Last week’s figure is much higher than the previous record of 3.3 million reported for the previous week.The surging layoffs have led many economists to envision as many as 20 million lost jobs by the end of April. Pinterest Previous article2020 KitchenAid Senior PGA Championship in Benton Harbor canceledNext articleISDH: More than 3,000 confirmed COVID cases; Elkhart County adds 3rd death Associated PressNews from the Associated Press and its network of reporters and publications. Google+ Google+ WhatsApplast_img read more

Victims of deadly double shooting at Waterford Glen Apartments identified

first_img By Jon Zimney – October 23, 2020 0 800 Previous articleVibrant Communities to host free neighborhood improvement roundtable next weekNext articleWhite House Coronavirus Response Coordinator on what Indiana needs to do Jon ZimneyJon Zimney is the News and Programming Director for News/Talk 95.3 Michiana’s News Channel and host of the Fries With That podcast. Follow him on Twitter @jzimney. Twitter Google+ Google+ Pinterest (Photo supplied/ABC 57) The St. Joseph County Metro Homicide Unit is investigating a shooting at Waterford Glen Apartments in South Bend.A massive police presence, with officers from several agencies, including South Bend, Mishawaka, St. Joseph County and the Indiana State Police were called to the complex in the 3000 block of Edison Road and Woodfield Drive around 11:45 last (Thu) night.Two people were shot. One was pronounced dead at the scene. The other was taken to the hospital where he died. The victims have been identified as 21-year-old Malik Balderos and 20-year-old Ricky Kinds Jr.So far, there is no word of any arrests.Anybody with information is asked to contact Metro Homicide at (574) 235-5009 or Michiana Crime Stoppers at (574) 288-STOP.St. Joseph County Metro Homicide released the following information about the shooting:Late last evening 10-22-20 at approximately 11:45 p.m. South Bend Police were called to the Waterford Glen Apartment complex near Edison and Woodfield Dr. in South Bend for reports of gunfire. Upon their arrival, officers located two male victims who were suffering from gunshot wounds. One of those individuals was transported from the scene to the hospital where he was pronounced dead a short time later. The second victim was located inside an apartment and pronounced dead at the scene. The identities of these persons will be reported once we’re certain next of kin has been notified. There are no suspects at this time in custody. We are continuing to interview witnesses and process the scene.   We are asking for the community to call us with any information they have regarding this latest case of gun violence. Please call CMHU at 235-5009 or Crime Stoppers at 288-STOP.This is a developing story. Check back for updates. Twitter Facebook Facebook IndianaLocalNews Pinterest WhatsApp WhatsApp Victims of deadly double shooting at Waterford Glen Apartments identifiedlast_img read more

Press release: New tool helps savers get a 50% government boost to their savings

first_img The new year is a good time to start getting into the habit of saving, and with Help to Save you’ll get a massive 50% boost from the government. Whether you are saving for a family break, putting money away for a rainy day, or even saving for next Christmas, Help to Save is designed to make saving as simple as possible. And with the new version of the app, which can be personalised to help you make the most of your bonus, it’s easier than ever. Over 80,000 people have signed up to the government’s new saving account – Help to Save – depositing over £10 million.A new tool in the HMRC app is available which lets savers set their own savings goals and personal reminders, to keep on track and maximise bonuses.The account offers working people on lower incomes a 50% bonus, with Help to Save rewarding savers with an extra 50p for every £1 saved. Over a 4 year period a maximum saving of £2,400 would result in an overall bonus of £1,200.Help to Save is easy to use, flexible and secure, and will help those on lower incomes build up a ‘rainy day’ fund, and encourage savings behaviours and habits. How much is saved and when is up to the account holder, and they don’t need to pay in every month to get a bonus.John Glen, Economic Secretary to the Treasury said: Help to Save explainedHelp to Save is available to working people on Tax Credits and Universal Credit.Account holders can save between £1 and £50 every calendar month and accounts last for 4 years from the date the account is opened. After 2 years, savers get a 50% tax-free bonus on the highest balance they’ve achieved. If they continue saving they could receive another 50% tax-free bonus after a further 2 years.On maximum savings of £2,400 over 4 years, the overall bonus would be £1,200.To check eligibility, get more information, and apply savers can visit the Help to Save page or use the HMRC app.last_img read more

Dog bakery The Barkery to open in Nottingham

first_imgSource: The BarkeryThe latest venture builds on the success of Frenchie Frenchie, a dog-friendly café the pair launched in Mansfield in 2019.“We decided to create the doggy bakery as we wanted the dogs of the world to enjoy a little indulgence too,” Hoblin told British Baker.He added the success they’d experienced since launching the dog cafe had been “mind-blowing”.“We launched our Dog Birthday Pawties in January 2020 and in the time we had open just before lockdown hit in March, we had two pawties in every single week.“We absolutely love what we do and we’re so excited for this next chapter in our dog journey. They’re more like children than they are pets and that’s what we love the most.”The Barkery will be based in Nottingham’s Victoria Centre. Source: The BarkeryA new bakery that sells dog-friendly digestives and waffles is set to open in Nottingham next month.The Barkery will whip up Woofnuts – dipped doggy doughnuts in 12 flavours – Chocopaws, an in-house carob moulded treat, and Wuffles, alongside a special biscuit range including custard creams and bourbons.Starting from £1.50 in price, the bakery treats are said to be grain-, wheat- and sugar-free and use ingredients such as oats and peanut butter.The concept was developed by Arran Hoblin and Liam Giles, who consulted vets and nurses to ensure the treats are safe for pooches and tested the recipes on themselves and their four dogs at home.last_img read more

Pulitzer Prize winner Marilynne Robinson speaks for Notre Dame Forum

first_imgMary Clare Donnelly | The Observer Pulitzer Prize-winning author Marilynne Robinson autographs a book at her lecture Wednesday evening in the Dahnke Ballroom. In response to a question from Monta, Robinson said one of her principle religious beliefs is that “we are among souls.”Robinson said her beliefs on higher education follow from this principle.“For one thing, I think there would be a big infusion of mutual respect, inevitably,” she said. “ … We have to realize that to say that someone is a soul, to say that something is mysterious, by itself has to make us alert to the fact that people express themselves unconsciously in many cases — but beautifully.”Robinson said she believes in being open about what she believes.“How many people who could write about their religious faith, who would want to, who would create a beautiful religious art out of the fact of their faith, are stymied and silenced because they are afraid that someone might say ‘I don’t really believe any of that,’” she said. “There is no reason in my experience to keep people from being absolutely candid about what they believe.”A four-student panel, with both undergraduates and graduates, had the opportunity to ask Robinson questions. One doctoral student, Jillian Snyder, asked Robinson about Calvinism, a theology that heavily influences Robinson’s writing, and its impact on American discourse today.“I think he’s still very palpably present in a lot of American poetry,” Robinson said. “I think that in a way he got himself embedded in the culture … He says that anyone who confronts you is God. It is the image of God, and this means that God himself is attentive to how you react to the fact that this image is presented to you. God has an intention with every human encounter you have.”As the final question, a member of the audience, Fr. Joe Simmons, referenced an image in one of Robinson’s essays of “washing off baptism” and asked Robinson from a critical point in the Church how can we give imagination to the world and faith. In response, Robinson said religion is a central possession in a civilization.“Anyone has the possibility of making [religion] the best possible expression of this yearning that human beings have,” Robinson said. “Religion is profoundly historical. It’s not historical in a way that traps you in it, you know what I mean? If you are deeply committed to what you and other people find most beautiful in it and are loyal to that, then you’re doing something that the civilization yearns to have you do.”Tags: Notre Dame Forum, Pulitzer Prize, religion Notre Dame Forum’s first lecture of the year, titled “The Catholic Artistic Heritage: Bringing Forth Treasures New and Old,” featured Pulitzer Prize-winning novelist Marilynne Robinson. In a discussion moderated by English professor Susannah Monta, Robinson spoke on themes such as religion and beauty in her novels and how these themes immerse themselves in contemporary society and culture. “Beauty is the signature of the presence of God,” Robinson said.last_img read more

Mark Rylance Will Return to New York in Farinelli and the King

first_img View Comments We told you that this show had Big Apple transfer written all over it! After successful productions at Shakespeare’s Globe and in the West End, the Mark Rylance-led Farinelli and the King is heading to New York. The Daily Mail reports that the three-time Tony winner will reprise his role as King Philippe V of Spain in the production, which is scheduled to open in November.Rylance won the Tony for Twelfth Night, Jerusalem and Boeing-Boeing and was nominated for Richard III (which played in rep with Twelfth Night). He has also appeared on the Great White Way in La Bete and is currently starring in Nice Fish at A.R.T before transferring with the show to St. Ann’s Warehouse’s next month. Rylance was recently seen on PBS in the screen adaptation of Hilary Mantel’s Booker Prize-winning novel Wolf Hall and has just received an Oscar nod for his performance in Bridge of Spies.Directed by John Dove and designed by Jonathan Fensom, Claire van Kampen’s (Rylance’s wife) new play is set in eighteenth-century Spain and show tells the true story of Farinelli, once the world’s most famous castrato and one of the greatest celebrities of his time, and his decision to trade fame and fortune in the opera-houses of Europe for a life of servitude at the court of King Philippe V. The new play explores the dynamics between Farinelli and the royal couple, featuring many of the exquisite arias first sung by Farinelli in the 1730’s.The London company included Sam Crane playing the acting role of Farinelli and the singing role shared by Iestyn Davies and Rupert Enticknap, Huss Garbiya as Doctor Jose Cervi, Melody Grove as Isabella Farnese, Colin Hurley as Metastasio and Edward Peel as De la Cuadra.last_img read more

Lowes Foods and MyWebGrocer Launch First Social Networking Site for Retail Grocery: Lowesfoods.MyBaby.com – a Play Ground for Pa

first_imgColchester, VT May July 26, 2007Life for new parents just got a little easier, and customer communication just improved for the customers of Lowes Foods supermarkets. MyWebGrocer of Colchester, VT and Lowes Foods of Winston-Salem, North Carolina announced the arrival of www.Lowesfoods.MyBaby.com(link is external) , the first grocery social networking site for parents. A place they can organize, share, discuss, and find things to do with their kids. Lowe’s Food Stores is launching lowesfoods.mybaby.com July 25, 2007.”We’re really excited about LowesFoods.MyBaby.com because, as anyone who’s been a parent knows, information and advice are critical, especially when you have an infant,” said Rebecca Roose, Marketing and Account Manager for MyWebLink. “LowesFoods.MyBaby.com gives parents the power and support they’re looking for. Plus, it’s full of awfully cute pictures.”MyBaby.com differs from other parenting social networking sites by aggregating a full range of information and networking possibilities for parents, such as, advice, blogging, photo and video sharing and organizing, personalized homepages, and event listings.”MyWebGrocer is excited about the continued expansion of our partnership with Lowes Foods and the addition of an advanced social networking tool like MyBaby brings Lowes Foods to the forefront of the Retail Grocery Industry,” said Rich Tarrant CEO of MyWebGrocer.For more information about Lowes Food’s social networking site, please go to www.LowesFoods.MyBaby.com(link is external)Founded in 1999 by Rich Tarrant, MyWebGrocer is a privately held company based in Burlington, Vermont, and is the industry leader in e-commerce and Internet marketing solutions to grocery retailers nationwide. “We Make Online Shopping Work,” by providing web site design and hosting, email, online circular, recipe, personalization and e-commerce services to more than 75 major retail grocery chains nationwide. With close to a decades worth of experience, MyWebGrocer has the tools and resources to make your web site and e-commerce initiatives efficient, effective and profitable. For more information please visit www.mywebgrocer.com(link is external).last_img read more