Côte dIvoire UN pitches in on nationwide polio immunization campaign

4 December 2009United Nations peacekeepers airlifted doctors and vaccines to remote and inaccessible regions of Côte d’Ivoire today as the Government opened its latest campaign to immunize over 6 million children against polio. The four-day campaign aims reach at least 95 per cent of the nearly 6,480,000 aged between a month and five years. The strategy recommended by the UN World Health Organization (WHO) requires going from door to door and marking the children vaccinated and the houses visited.As in the West African country’s previous immunizations – this is the seventh – the UN Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (UNOCI) offered logistical support, transporting doctors and supplies by air and land to those areas hardest to reach.Polio, contracted through contaminated food, water and faeces, was almost eradicated in Côte d’Ivoire until a case was confirmed in December 2008 in Adiaké in the country’s east. Since then there have been 26 other cases of the disease, which attacks the nervous system and mainly affects children under five.One in 200 infections leads to irreversible paralysis, usually in the legs, and among those paralyzed, five to 10 per cent die when their respiratory muscles become immobilized. UNOCI has been stationed in Côte d’Ivoire since 2004 to help ensure a ceasefire and pave the way for permanent peace and democratic elections after civil war in 2002 split the country into a Government-ruled south and a rebel-controlled north. Reauthorized repeatedly since then, most recently until 31 January 2010, it currently comprises nearly 8,400 uniformed personnel, as well as 407 international civilian staff. read more

Fireworks knives and microwaves used to attack ambulances investigation finds

Want the best of The Telegraph direct to your email and WhatsApp? Sign up to our free twice-daily  Front Page newsletter and new  audio briefings. Regular attacks on ambulances are “consciously inhibiting” the ability of paramedics to do their jobs, it has been claimed. More than 200 incidents of vandalism have been reported between 2015 and October this year, according to a freedom of information request by the BBC.Over the past three years, fireworks, scooters, bricks, knives and metal poles have been used to cause thousands of pounds worth of damage to ambulances and rapid response vehicles. In London, one of the 26 logged instances involved a microwave being thrown at an ambulance. A Department of Health and Social Care spokesman told the BBC: “It’s absolutely unacceptable for anyone to deliberately damage emergency service vehicles or other essential kit.”They are consciously inhibiting the ability of our enormously hardworking and dedicated paramedics to do their jobs, and it risks taking ambulances off the road.”Every NHS ambulance trust in the UK was approached for responses and 13 of the 14 handed over their data, which showed the West Midlands as the worst-affected area with 36 incidents, followed by Yorkshire with 29, London with 26 and the North West with 24. Pictures emerged in the summer of football fans jumping up and down on an emergency response vehicle in the aftermath of England’s win over Sweden in the World Cup.    read more